Your septic system has different components, including the tank, distribution box, Pump tanks, and drain fields. Any of these components can have problems. You may notice sluggish drains, sewage surfacing in the yard, which can contaminate your water supply. You may also have the problem of sewage back up in the home, or sewer odor in the house or outside.
 For each type of these problems there are several potential diagnoses of the exact malfunction or issue affecting the septic system.
R & W Septic Tank Services

Septic Tanks

Septic Tank Basics & Septic System

Septic tank systems are the standard method for disposal of human waste water in many suburban and rural areas. If your system is backing up, smells bad or is failing. Then you need to have your septic tank checked and pumped.

A modern disposal system is a septic tank with leach field (also known as drain field or leech field).

Septic Tank systems will stop up if they do not receive proper maintenance and cleaning

In a common septic-tank configuration, a home's toilets, sinks and showers are piped to a buried concrete, fiberglass or polyethylene tank. A discharge pipe leads away from the septic tank to a buried perforated pipe or network of pipes, known as a leach field or drain field. 

Pipe elevations are such that the septic tank remains almost full at all times, which permits bacteria to "digest" virtually all the solids that enter the tank.  The remaining liquid is dispersed into the soil through the perforated pipes.

The most common failure mode for septic systems is that the soil around the leach (drain) field becomes impervious (clogged) to the flow of water. When this happens, the water level in the septic tank increases and plumbing fixtures in the house refuse to drain properly (sewage backs up).

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